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Kitty

kitty is a fast, feature-rich, GPU based terminal emulator written in C and Python with nice features for the keyboard driven humans like me.

Installation

Although it's in the official repos, the version of Debian is quite old, instead you can install it for the current user with:

curl -L https://sw.kovidgoyal.net/kitty/installer.sh | sh /dev/stdin

You'll need to add the next alias too to your .zshrc or .bashrc

alias kitty="~/.local/kitty.app/bin/kitty"

Configuration

It's configuration is a simple, human editable, single file for easy reproducibility stored at ~/.config/kitty/kitty.conf

Create an alias in your .zshrc:

alias icat="kitty +kitten icat"

Colors

The themes kitten allows you to easily change color themes, from a collection of almost two hundred pre-built themes available at kitty-themes. To use it run:

kitty +kitten themes

The kitten allows you to pick a theme, with live previews of the colors. You can choose between light and dark themes and search by theme name by just typing a few characters from the name.

If you want to tweak some colors once you select a theme, you can use terminal sexy.

Make the background transparent

File: ~/.config/kitty/kitty.conf

background_opacity 0.85

A number between 0 and 1, where 1 is opaque and 0 is fully transparent. This will only work if supported by the OS (for instance, when using a compositor under X11).

If you're using i3wm you need to configure compton

Install it with sudo apt-get install compton, and configure i3 to start it in the background adding exec --no-startup-id compton to your i3 config.

Terminal bell

I hate the auditive terminal bell, disable it with:

enable_audio_bell no

Movement

By default the movement is not vim friendly because if you use the same keystrokes, they will be captured by kitty and not forwarded to the application. The closest I got is:

# Movement

map ctrl+shift+k scroll_line_up
map ctrl+shift+j scroll_line_down
map ctrl+shift+u scroll_page_up
map ctrl+shift+d scroll_page_down

If you need more fine grained movement, use the scrollback buffer.

The scrollback buffer

kitty supports scrolling back to view history, just like most terminals. You can use either keyboard shortcuts or the mouse scroll wheel to do so. However, kitty has an extra, neat feature. Sometimes you need to explore the scrollback buffer in more detail, maybe search for some text or refer to it side-by-side while typing in a follow-up command. kitty allows you to do this by pressing the ctrl+shift+h key-combination, which will open the scrollback buffer in your favorite pager program (which is less by default). Colors and text formatting are preserved. You can explore the scrollback buffer comfortably within the pager.

To use nvim as the pager follow this discussion, the latest working snippet was:

# Scrollback buffer
# https://sw.kovidgoyal.net/kitty/overview/#the-scrollback-buffer
# `bash -c '...'` Run everything in a shell taking the scrollback content on stdin
# `-u NORC` Load plugins but not initialization files
# `-c "map q :qa!<CR>"` Close with `q` key
# `-c "autocmd TermOpen * normal G"` On opening of the embedded terminal go to last line
# `-c "terminal cat /proc/$$/fd/0 -"` Open the embedded terminal and read stdin of the shell
# `-c "set clipboard+=unnamedplus"` Always use clipboard to yank/put instead of having to specify +
scrollback_pager bash -c 'nvim </dev/null -u NORC -c "map q :qa!<CR>" -c "autocmd TermOpen * normal G" -c "terminal cat /proc/$$/fd/0 -" -c "set clipboard+=unnamedplus" -c "call cursor(CURSOR_LINE, CURSOR_COLUMN)"'

To make the history scrollback infinite add the next lines:

scrollback_lines -1
scrollback_pager_history_size 0

Clipboard management

# Clipboard
map ctrl+v        paste_from_clipboard

Troubleshooting

Scrollback when ssh into a machine doesn't work

This happens because the kitty terminfo files are not available on the server. You can ssh in using the following command which will automatically copy the terminfo files to the server:

kitty +kitten ssh myserver

This ssh kitten takes all the same command line arguments as ssh, you can alias it to ssh in your shell’s rc files to avoid having to type it each time:

alias ssh="kitty +kitten ssh"

Reasons to migrate from urxvt to kitty

  • It doesn't fuck up your terminal colors.
  • You can use peek to record your screen.
  • Easier to extend.

References


Last update: 2021-10-28